Maintaining a clean facility is one of the best ways to reduce slip or trip injuries. If spills occur, a marker should be placed and the spill cleaned as quickly as possible. Objects must be kept out of any walkways. Electrical cables or wires should not be run across walk areas. Appropriate slip-resistant footwear is also recommended to reduce the potential for falls.
Skin contact or inhalation of toxic chemicals is also on the list for common injuries. Employees need to use the appropriate protective equipment to reduce the chances of chemical burns. This equipment may include elbow-length gloves and full aprons to protect against splashes.
In facilities that produce fumes during operation, adequate ventilation systems must be employed. Respiratory devices must be required and workers should be trained in the correct use. Protective eyewear should also be considered. The steel or metal industries present additional risks to workers from exposure to heat. Proper training is required to ensure that employees recognize the signs of heat exhaustion.
The right protective equipment and employee training make a major difference in avoiding injuries in the manufacturing industry. The costs of adequate training and quality protective devices are much less than the costs of any on-the-job injury.
Hazardous Materials Incident
Various kinds of incidents can involve hazardous materials which include toxic, flammable, explosive chemicals or radioactive substances.
The release of hazardous materials, whether intentionally or an accident, can cause serious injury, long-lasting health effects and death. Consequently a mass evacuation in and around the area where the release occurred may be ordered or residents may be told to "shelter in place".
Work Place Safety cont.
In the event of the release of radiological and/or hazardous materials, you should:
- Report the incident to authorities immediately. Stay away from the area where the spill occurred.
- Cover mouth and nose with a cloth or a surgical face mask.
- Bring pets inside.
- Evacuate if told to do so, and take pets with you.
- Follow the evacuation routes provided by the authorities (short-cuts can potentially place you in more danger).
- Have an Emergency Go Kit on hand.
- Seal house so contaminants cannot enter (if told to shelter-in-place).
- Close all windows and doors.
- Turn off ventilation systems (cut-off exposure to outside air).
- Stay tuned to the radio or television for updates and instructions